According to historical records, King Zhou was a wise and brave man with great military talent. Unfortunately, his brilliant martial arts did not last long, but later evolved into cruel and unkind, gradually exposing his greedy nature. With the growth of his military exploits, he became more and more extravagant and abusive. The faintness of the king must give villains an opportunity to take advantage. For a time, the Shang Dynasty was dominated by treacherous officials, the government was corrupt, the society was dark, the people were miserable, and the Shang Dynasty further declined.
At this time, the Zhoubu nationality far away in Qishan, under the wholehearted governance of Xibo Jichang, was booming. Since emperor B eased the relationship between the Shang and Zhou Dynasties through reconciliation, Ji Chang did not move eastward to attack the Shang Dynasty, but paid tribute every year very obediently《 Lu’s spring and Autumn Annals said that Jichang “must be suitable for tribute and respect for sacrifice”, which made king Zhou very happy and “gave it a land of thousands of miles”. However, this does not mean that Ji Chang lost his will and gave up his ideal, but he knew that in order to destroy the rule of the Shang Dynasty with a deep foundation, he should converge his edge and hide his strength and bide his time.
On the surface, he is obedient to business, but in fact, he is actively developing Zhou’s strength and accumulating strength for the great plan to destroy business. He pursues the rule of virtue, advocates “cherishing and protecting the small people”, respects the old and loves the young; Vigorously develop agricultural production, light corvee and low taxes, reduce the burden of the people, and improve the people’s enthusiasm for production; Implement benevolent government and reduce punishment. One person’s crime will not involve his family members; Recruit talents widely, attract talents, and attract many people of insight to obey. As the king of a country, Ji Chang was diligent and thrifty. Wearing ordinary people’s coarse clothes, he went to the fields to work. Under his administration, the Zhou clan was politically clean, the people lived and worked in peace and contentment, the economy developed rapidly, and the national power became stronger and stronger. It became a country everyone yearned for, and the princes on all sides were willing to belong to it.
The growth of the national strength of the Western Zhou Dynasty still attracted the attention of the Shang Dynasty. Chonghou Hu, a confidant of King Zhou of the Shang Dynasty, said to King Zhou that Xibo deliberately behaved in virtue and attracted the admiration of the people in order to gather human and material resources and plot rebellion. King Zhou was so angry that he immediately ordered Ji Chang to be arrested and imprisoned in Jiali (now Tangyin County, Henan Province). After Xibo’s imprisonment, he was very calm and had no complaints every day. King Zhou really could not see that he had a rebellious heart. After knowing that Ji Chang was arrested, the people of Zhou were very frightened. They were afraid that he would be killed like his father Ji Li, so they collected many beautiful women, BMWs and Zhuyu to King Zhou to show that the Zhou family was truly loyal to the Shang Dynasty. King Zhou was happy to see beautiful women pay tribute, so he ordered Ji Chang to be pardoned and released from prison. He also gave him guards of honor such as bow, arrow, axe and Tomahawk, and granted King Wen the power to attack disobedient small countries on his own. This is the “woe in the heart” of King Wen in history.
Ji Chang was exposed to King Zhou’s debauchery and stupidity. After returning to the Western Zhou Dynasty, he made up his mind to destroy the business. He knew that the Western Zhou Dynasty had enough strength to confront the Shang Dynasty, but if the two countries went to war, he needed a man with military talent to help him command the war. Therefore, Ji Chang began to continue to expand his strength and spared no effort to visit such talents.
The news of Ji Chang’s pursuit of virtue gave a white haired old man hope. This old man was Jiang Shang and later the famous Jiang Taigong.
Jiang Shang’s real name is LV Shang. Jiang’s surname is Ziya. His ancestors were the meritorious men who helped Dayu control the flood and were later granted in Lv. Therefore, his descendants followed his surname. Jiang is the surname of LV Shang. Later generations often call him Jiang Ziya and Jiang Taigong. When the surname LV reached Jiang Shang, his family had declined. When he was young, Jiang Ziya lived in poverty. Forced by his livelihood, he once sold beef and opened a wine shop. However, no matter how hard his life was, he never gave up his lofty ambition of governing the world. Therefore, he always studied hard and finally became a capable man who not only knew astronomy and geography, military strategy, but also knew the way of governing the country and stabilizing the country. However, although he was full of strategy and outstanding talent, he could not attract the attention of King Zhou and was not reused. Until he was over 60, with white hair, he was still looking forward to meeting Mingjun and showing his ambition.
When he heard that Jichang of the Western Zhou Dynasty was thirsty for talents, the ambitious Jiang Shang left Chaoge and came to the Weishui River in the southwest of Qishan, the territory of the Western Zhou Dynasty. He lives in Fuxi, fishing on a tributary of Weishui every day, observing the changes of the world and waiting for the opportunity to get out of the mountain.
However, Jiang Shang didn’t fish, so he didn’t hang bait on the hook and put it into the water like ordinary people. Instead, he hung the fishing line three feet high on the water, and didn’t use a hook. Once, a woodcutter passed by and saw Tai Gong fishing. He said in doubt, “old Sir, how can a fish like you be hooked?” He stood still, holding up his fishing rod and said to himself, “as long as the fish are willing, they will take the bait!”
Gradually, people knew that there was a strange old man by the Weishui river who didn’t need a hook for fishing. Finally, Ji Chang heard the rumor. He thought to himself that this man had strange words and deeds. He was by no means an ordinary person. Maybe he was the person he was looking for. So Ji Chang came to the Weishui River on the grounds of hunting. He saw a strange old man fishing on the bank. Ji Chang came forward to talk with him and found that the hale and hearty old man had an extraordinary conversation and profound insight. The two talked happily. Then Ji Chang asked him about the situation in the world and the strategy of governing the country. Jiang Shang pointed out that in order to govern the country and prosper the country, we must appoint people on the basis of merit and pay attention to the exploration and selection of talents, which coincides with Ji Chang’s view. Ji Chang was overjoyed and said, “my first king Taigong predicted‘ When saints arrived in Zhou, Zhou was able to prosper. ” Are you the saint? I have been expecting my son for a long time! ” It means that Mr. Gu, the founder of Zhou’s foundation, has been longing for a sage who can stabilize the country and govern the country. You are the sage. Later, people called Jiang Shang “taigongwang”.
Ji Chang determined that he was the sage he had been looking for, so he asked Jiang Shang to come out of the mountain and help him complete the plan to destroy the business. Jiang Shang was granted the title of Supreme Master and was in charge of military and political affairs at the same time. In order to thank Ji Chang for his kindness, he worked hard to help Ji Chang prosper the country, suggested that Ji Chang repair both inside and outside, and unremittingly develop the strength within Zhou. At the same time, he strengthened his ties with the surrounding small ethnic groups and shook the ruling foundation of the Shang Dynasty bit by bit. He also made a large-scale western expedition to pacify some ethnic minorities in the west, so that the threat from the Zhou rear was relieved. Then he expanded eastward, crossed the Yellow River eastward, and destroyed Chong, an important ally in Western Shang Dynasty. In the continuous foreign war, Zhou’s power further expanded and gradually occupied two-thirds of the world, most of which was due to Jiang Shang’s plot.